09 Oct Scuba Diving
Scuba diving is a type of underwater diving in which the driver uses a self-contained underwater breathing apparatus, called a SCUBA, to breathe underwater. It is one of the best ways to explore the world underwater and get closer to marine inhabitants. Over the decades, scuba diving has become a popular adventure sport. It is one recreational activity that should make it to everyone’s bucket list. The famous underwater explorer Jacques-Yves Cousteau developed it in the mid-1940s.
People around the world have been diving for as long as people can remember. There have been pearl divers and people who dive for food or livelihood. The origin of scuba diving can be traced back to wars when the navy would have to go one rescue operations continually. Over the years, diving equipment and techniques have become sophisticated and hi-tech. With the growing popularity, the safety regulations became important and certifying the drivers took emphasis. Therefore, in 1961, the National Association of Underwater Instructors and 1966, the Professional Association of Diving Instructors were formed.
Several equipments are required for scuba diving. Firstly, a gear, made of one or more gas cylinders is secured to the diver’s back. An air hose connects the gas cylinders to the regulator. The regulator is used to control the flow of air so that the pressure of the diver’s lungs are the same as the water pressure. Lastly, a buoyancy control device or BCD is required to control the buoyancy by adding or releasing air.
India is one country that offers unlimited possibilities for scuba-diving. The two major islands host some of the most unexplored and beautiful diving locations. The Andamans and Lakshadweep provide an unmatchable quality of scuba diving experience. The exotic, uncharted waters and the steep dives make the Andamans one of Asia’s most sought-after diving destinations. Goa is another scuba diving destination in India. Despite the low underwater visibility, it is famous for thousands of shipwrecks that can be found on the Goan coast.
Scuba diving is an excellent recreational activity. However, certain things are essential to know before diving. Firstly, if you are not sure about scuba diving, give a shot to snorkelling. This helps you become familiar with marine life while staying at the surface. Any person wanting to scuba dive should be able to swim for 200 metres continuously and tread water for 10 minutes. Diving should be done under the supervision of certified agencies such as PADI, NAUI, SSI etc. Lastly, one must never dive alone, as it can be risky.